What are extracts found in hemp and cannabis?

What are extracts found in hemp and cannabis?

Hemp and cannabis plants are fascinating. The more you study, the more I know. You still need to learn more about this plant, with its uniqueness and mystery that cannot be found in other plants.

In addition, each species also differs in terms of the composition of substances within. Both in terms of the variety of species and the amount that differs from region to region. to the environment, they all affect the composition of the substance and the amount. This will affect the action that complements each other. Make the properties of the extracts differ. CBD shop will provide you all products.

At present, more than 400 species of hemp and marijuana extracts have been found as constituents, which can be divided into groups as follows:

  • Cannabinoids
  • Terpenes
  • Flavonoids
  • Lipids, wax, fat
  • others, such as chlorophyll


The main components of extracts derived from hemp and cannabis are Cannabinoids, or more specifically, phytocannabinoids The substances in this group are subdivided into several types. When it enters the body through the system, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) binds to receptors containing CB1R and CB2R and activates them in the body.

Currently, more than 200 substances have been discovered in this group, but nine of the most common in hemp and cannabis are:

  1. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — is the best known and found in cannabis. It affects the well-known psychiatric symptom “High”, causing this substance to be classified as a drug in many countries. It also helps to reduce pain effectively.
  2. Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (THCA) — The precursor of THC, is found in hemp flowers and fresh cannabis. When left in the heat, It will be transformed into THC, and THCA will have less psychoactive effects. Therefore, it is not considered a drug. There are many uses for this substance. as well as being used as an anti-inflammatory to Reduce nausea and vomiting. Inhibit seizures and inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  3. Cannabidiol (CBD) — well known Nowadays, it can be found primarily on selected hemp strains. Therefore, this hemp is called Industrial hemp (CBD shop). CBD has no psychoactive effects. Nowadays, there are many research studies. Making it very useful in health will reduce stress and provide sleep aid. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory, CBD has also been approved by the US FDA as highly effective in the treatment of severe seizures.
  4. Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) — A CBD precursor found abundantly in hemp. When heated, it converts into CBD. CBDA inhibits COX-2 enzyme activity, reducing inflammation. It can also help reduce nausea and depression.
  5. Cannabigerol (CBG) — This substance is gaining popularity due to its many benefits, such as its antibacterial activity. It helps control blood pressure and anti-inflammatory Help with sleep. CBG is generally found in about 1% of hemp, but nowadays, hemp strains are being developed until they can be found in up to 10 – 15%.
  6. Cannabinol (CBN) — Rarely found in the hemp plant has a slight psychoactive effect. It is mainly used to aid sleep. CBN is obtained from the decomposition of THC when exposed to sunlight. Therefore, when planted outdoors in sunlight, it will be found to contain high CBN substances with anti-inflammatory properties. Research has shown it can treat diseases such as epilepsy, bone decay, cancer, bacterial infections, cataracts, and nausea.
  7. Cannabichromene (CBC) — The third known cannabinoid, has no psychoactive effects. Very little is found in hemp. It has good anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have shown that it is effective against nerve-related diseases. Reduces pain Inhibiting cancer, and treats Crohn’s disease. So, collect your products from a CBD shop.
  8. Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) — Very similar in molecular structure to THC, with only slight differences. THCV has a notable appetite suppressant effect. In addition, properties Help reduce anxiety and help bone growth.
  9. Cannabidivarin (CBDV) — is very similar in molecular structure to CBD, with only slight differences—no psychoactive effect used to treat epilepsy and effective in reducing nausea and inflammation.

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